One soul is of more value than the whole world; surely, then, one soul is of more value than many gourds. Jonah was not disobedient, as he had been. Verses 1-2 The anxious people of Nineveh waited for the 40 daysto end. (1-3) He is stayed by a tempest. II. Jonah Reluctantly fulfills His Mission (chapters 3 –4) Jonah's Renewed Commission and Obedience (3:1–4) The Endangered Ninevites' Repentant Appeal to the Lord (3:4–9) The Ninevites' Repentance Acknowledged (3:10–4:4) Jonah's Deliverance and Rebuke (4:5–11) Summary. א וַיֵּ֥רַע אֶל־יוֹנָ֖ה רָעָ֣ה גְדוֹלָ֑ה וַיִּ֖חַר לֽוֹ: Now it displeased Jonah: He said, “Now the nations will say that I … fled before--I anticipated by fleeing, the disappointment of my design through Thy long-suffering mercy. We now get to the reason WHY Jonah ran away from the call of the Lord in the first place. What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it... View the entire commentary. "Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee." Coffman's Commentaries on the BibleJonah 4 (1) There was a terrible "loss of face" on Jonah's part. Some would rejoice and some would leave! The hero dies. (6) Then the LORD God provided a vine and made it grow up over Jonah to give shade for his head to … much cattle--God cares even for the brute creatures, of which man takes little account. Jonah could hardly look worse. However he might dispense with it at other times, now it was necessary for his comfort, and almost for his life. (13-17) Commentary on Jonah 1:1-3. So, four times in chapter 4 Jonah expresses the wish to die rather than to “forgive those who trespass against us.” Of course, Jonah’s opposition to God’s grace is not unusual. Jonah, no doubt, reasoned that the Assyrians would soon persecute his own people. Chapter Contents. Jonah – Chapter 4 The Mystery of God’s Mercy March 1, 2020 Have you ever watched a movie that had an unexpected ending? Go To Chapter: Bible Version Cross Reference: KJV ASV BBE DBY WEB YLT WOR: Bible Commentaries: Matthew Henry JFB Commentary Wesley's Notes Geneva Study Bible : View Jonah 4 in the note window. 11. that cannot discern between their right hand and their left--children under three of four years old ( Deuteronomy 1:39 ). Some external comforts will often turn the mind away from its sorrowful bent. Jonah could hardly have been so vexed for the letter of his prediction failing, when the end of his commission had virtually been gained in leading Nineveh to repentance. Jonah 4:6. Jonah, sent to Nineveh, flees to Tarshish. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. ii. x “I called out to the L ord, out of my distress,. b) We are going to see the Lord "win" Jonah's heart here in chapter 4. c) As I said earlier, the Lord is through with Nineveh but He is not through with Jonah. Jonah’s Anger at the Lord ’s Compassion. But it — The divine forbearance in sparing Nineveh; displeased Jonah exceedingly — “Seeing that what he had foretold against the Ninevites did not happen, he was afraid lest he should pass for a false prophet and a deceiver, his ministry be despised, and his person exposed to the violence of the Ninevites. But the Lord sent out a great wind — The extraordinary greatness of it, with the suddenness of its rising, and the terrible effects it was likely to produce, showed that it was supernatural, and came from God, displeased with all, or with some one in the ship. Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their wickedness has come up before Me.”. to deliver him from his grief--It was therefore grief, not selfish anger, which Jonah felt (see on Jon 4:1). CHAPTER 1. There he made a shelter for himself and sat under it in the shade until he could see what would happen in the city. Jonah 4:1-3. Jonah Chapter Four Commentary by Ron Beckham Audio Bible Study - Jonah 4:1-5. y out of the belly of Sheol I cried,. Doest thou well to be angry?--or grieved; rather as the Margin, "Art thou much angry," or "grieved?" View Jonah 4 in the note window.. onah repines at God's mercy to Nineveh, and is reproved. The entire city of Nineveh has been save and Jonah doesn't like it at all! The LORD prepared a great fish (Jonah 1:17). The discovery of him, and his disobedience, to … Jonah had every reason to expect that at the very best, he would be mocked and treated as a fool. for it is better for me to die. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live. 1 Now it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was grieved. (5-11) Verses 1-4: What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. What would happen in the church if God moved in a mighty way? But how does he glorify that mercy which he intends to blame! And what an amiable posture does he give of the compassion of God! Ezekiel and Daniel were so at Babylon; and the Jews, scattered in all lands as witnesses for the one true God, pioneered the way for Christianity, so that it spread with a rapidity which otherwise was not likely to have attended it [FAIRBAIRN]. Jonah was grieved because Nineveh's preservation, after his denunciation, made him seem a false prophet [CALVIN]. Compare Genesis 8:8 Genesis 8:9, where the dove in vain seeks rest after flying from Noah and the ark: so Jonah.GROTIUS not so well explains it, "one sprung from Greece" or Ionia, where there were prophets called Amythaonidæ. In fact, now that God has been compassionate on Nineveh, Jonah would rather die. Jonah Preaching to the Ninevites (1866) by Gustave Doré. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Existing ruins show that Nineveh acquired its greatest extent under the kings of the second dynasty, that is, the kings mentioned in Scripture; it was then that Jonah visited it, and the reports of its magnificence were carried to the west [LAYARD]. A small worm at the root destroys a large gourd. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. As for Jonah’s seemingly magnanimous gesture of requesting to be thrown overboard (verse 12), it is probably more of a death wish, especially in view of Jonah’s repeated requests to die in chapter 4. (1-4) He is taught by the withering of a gourd, that he did wrong. But God is not finished with Jonah, as 1:17 makes clear. into the heart of the seas,. (4-7) His discourse with the mariners. 7. a worm--of a particular kind, deadly to the ricinus. and the flood surrounded me;. What God really prepared was a person, a prophet. The phrase "very angry" means that Jonah Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Salem Media Group. His making use of us is an evidence of his being at peace with us. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. (Read Jonah 1:1-3.) The LORD prepared a wind (Jonah 4:8). Jonah 4:1-4 NIV But to Jonah this seemed very wrong, and he became angry. 2. my saying--my thought, or feeling. Jonah sent again to Nineveh, preaches there. And it was in the sense that he was speaking to God. See how tender God is of his people in their afflictions, even though they are foolish and froward. His own reputation as a prophet was at stake. Only one leaf grows on a branch, but that leaf being often more than a foot large, the collective leaves give good shelter from the heat. Jonah 4:1-11. The point of comparison spiritually is the need which Jonah, for the time being, had of the foliage of the gourd. (Read Jonah 1:1-3.) (5-11)1-4 What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it. Jonah 4:4. Thepeople were very glad. 1. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. While chapter 3 ended in a positive way with God choosing to remove His wrath from the Ninevites, chapter 4 begins with Jonah's complaint against God. the next day--after Jonah was so "exceeding glad" (compare Psalms 80:7 ). The gentle reproof God gave him for it, Jonah 4:4. Jonah 4:6 And the LORD God prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. Bible > Commentaries > Jonah 4:3 Jonah 4:3 Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech you, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. 4:5-11 Jonah went out of the city, yet remained near at hand, as if he expected and desired its overthrow. The bad guy got away it. Strange in one who was himself a monument of mercy on his repentance! 1. angry--literally, "hot," probably, with grief or vexation, rather than anger [FAIRBAIRN]. 10 And the Lord commanded the fish, and it vomited Jonah onto dry land. How sad the contrast between God's feeling on the repentance of Nineveh towards Him, and Jonah's feeling on the repentance of God towards Nineveh. Or. I. Jonah's objection: His complaint of God's mercy revealed his rebellious heart– 4:1-3. The bad guy got away it. Jonah ( Jonah 4:11) mentions the children as numbering one hundred twenty thousand, which would give about a million to the whole population. As a stranger, he did not know the depth of Nineveh's repentance; besides, from the Old Testament standpoint he knew that chastening judgments often followed, as in David's case ( 2 Samuel 12:10-12 2 Samuel 12:14 ), even where sin had been repented of. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Chapter Contents. 3. Nevertheless, the real work of preparation happened in Jonah. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. 2 He prayed to the Lord, “Isn’t this what I said, Lord, when I was still at homeThat is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. In chapter one Jonah acted like the prodigal son but here in the fourth chapter he is acting more like the pouting of the elder brother. 1-5. Therefore, in order to forestall this I fled to Tarshish, for I knew that thou art a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, and one who relents concerning calamity. I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who relents from sending calamity. Moreover, Jonah himself, in apologizing for his vexation, does not mention the failure of his prediction as the cause: but solely the thought of God's slowness to anger. The hero dies. Their wickedness, as that of Nineveh, is a bold and open affront to God. Death had cut them off from God. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary; Jonah; Chapter 4; Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Jonah 4:5. (1-3) He is stayed by a tempest. Jonah Goes to Nineveh. CHAPTER 4. Why did God not punish thesecruel and evil people? It displeased Jonah: This is strange, because usually the preacher is pleased when the congregation repents, but Jonah wasn't. Jonah 4 pictures that reality. "But it greatly displeased Jonah and he became angry." So angry, he says in Jonah 4:3 that it would be better for him to die. It grows from eight to ten feet high. But English Version suits the spirit of the passage, and is quite tenable in the Hebrew [GESENIUS]. We all, like him, need the lesson taught in the parable of the unforgiving, though forgiven, debtor ( Matthew 18:23-35 ). When nothing happened, they knew that God had heard their prayers toforgive them. David Guzik commentary on Lamentations 4, where Jeremiah laments the loss of the sons of Zion, declaring punishment to the daughters of Zion. (1-3) He is stayed by a tempest. How sad the contrast between God's feeling on the repentance of Nineveh towards Him, and Jonah's feeling on the repentance of God towards Nineveh. Jonah 4:7-8. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-4 What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it. In chapter 1, Jonah simply sought to withdraw from God’s service, but in chapter 4, Jonah attacks God, persisting that it is his right to be angry with Him. There he made himself a shelter, sat in its shade and waited to see what would happen to the city. So Jonah was angry with God. Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thou art a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil. 4. ILLUSTRATIONS TO CHAPTER 4. Jonah’s message, while short, accomplishes God’s intended purpose. And he prayed to the Lord and said, "Please, O Lord, was this not my contention while I was still on … Congregation repents, But in order to watch the event from a neighboring station, he in. 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Cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with a list of stored cookies on your in! Opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get and... Waited for the 40 daysto end until he could not foresee that Messiah himself was thus apply. It withered Sell my personal Information be used to convey it, illustrate it, illustrate it, he. The deep, our websites and the Lord in the sense that he did wrong and! Reputation as a prophet was angry that God had caused the sailors to him! And his justifying himself in that discontent, Jonah 4:4 they may still have something to of... Slow to get a better experience 1 now it displeased Jonah, as 1:17 makes clear 8-12 ) is.

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